install a pendant light

Pendant lights can add style and personality, and come in a variety of styles that will allow you to customize any room to your liking. Replacing an old light fixture with a pendant light is a basic home improvement project that even a novice can master. The change in lighting can transform the character of a room in a matter of minutes.

From coffee shops to home kitchens, pendant lights have become a chic addition to any well-designed space. Like recessed lights, pendant lights are also one of the easiest lighting upgrades you can make to your home. Assuming you are replacing a fixture that already used a junction box, it will only take four steps and about half an hour to install you fashionable pendant light.

Step By Step

Before You Begin

Before you begin, make sure to cut off the power to the room at the circuit breaker and assemble the needed tools and equipment. You won't need many tools--just a screwdriver, a pair of wire strippers, and some wire nuts. It's also a good idea to wear a mask and goggles to shield your face from drywall debris and insulation.

Tools for How to Install a Pendant Light:

- screwdriver, for removing and tightening screws

- pry bar, for removing old switch box

- cordless drill, for drilling holes and driving screws

- electrical-box hole saw, used to cut holes in ceiling for pancake boxes

- drywall saw, for enlarging hole in wall for new switch box

- plumb bob, used to transfer fixture locations from countertop to ceiling

- fish tape, used to pull cable through wall

- caulking gun and fireproof caulk, for sealing hole bored in top wall plate

pendant lights


1. Turn off the electrical power to the circuit you will be working on.

2. Remove the wall switches from an existing two-gang box; be sure to label the wires for reinstallation later.

3. Push the existing electrical cables through the rear of the box.

4. Hold a new three-gang switch box over the old two-gang box and trace its outline onto the wall.

5. Use a drywall saw to enlarge the hole in the wall for the three-gang box.

6. Pry the old two-gang box from the wall.

7. From the attic, drill a hole down through top wall plate directly above the switch-box hole.

8. Feed a fish tape down the hole and into the new switch-box hole.

9. Use the fish tape to pull a new nonmetallic electrical cable up from the hole and into the attic.

10. Feed all the wires through the rear of the new electrical box, then screw the box to the wall stud.

11. Reconnect the old switches, using pigtail wires to connect the new dimmer switch.

12. Place strips of masking tape on the countertop to indicate where you want the pendant fixtures to shine light.

13. Transfer these points from the countertop to the ceiling using a plumb bob.

14. Drill pilot holes through ceiling at each plumb bob mark.

15. Cut holes for pancake electrical boxes in the ceiling using a drill fitted with an electrical-box hole saw.

16. Screw pancake boxes to ceiling joists.

17. Seal hole in top wall plate with fireproof caulk.

18. Run electrical cable from the switch box to the first pancake box, and then run another length of cable from the first box to the second, and from the second box to the third.

19. Make the wire connections at each box, using twist-on wire connectors to join white to white, black to black, bare copper ground to bare copper ground.

20. Fasten the canopies to the pancake boxes, then turn on the power and test the dimmer switch.

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