The room is decorated with three kinds of illumination, namely, a centralized light source, an auxiliary light source, and a general-purpose light source, which are indispensable, and should be used in a cross combination, and the brightness ratio is about 5:3:1.
- Centralized light source
The light of the centralized light source is a direct light, and the concentrated direct light is illuminated in a limited area, so that you can see the moving action more clearly, especially when working, reading, cooking, dining, and more need to be centralized.
light source. Since the shape of the lamp cover and the position of the lamp determine the size of the beam, the direct lamp is usually equipped with a cover or a cooling air hole, and the lamp cover is an opaque lamp such as a spotlight, a track light, and a work light.
2, auxiliary light source
The illumination of the auxiliary light source is very large. When the eyes are in this environment for a long time, it is easy to feel fatigue. At this time, you need an auxiliary light source, such as a standing light, a book light, etc. to adjust the light difference in the room to make your eyes feel comfortable.
The light from the auxiliary light source is diffuse light, and the light that is transmitted to all corners of the house is the same. In general, lamps with scattered light should be used with direct lamps.
3, The general light source
The ceiling light is a general-purpose light source. Usually it is the main light in the house. It is also called the background light. It can raise the indoor light source to a certain brightness and provide the same light to the whole room, so it will not produce obvious shadow and light.
There is no serious contrast between the photos taken and not photographed. But since it must be used with other light, it shouldn’t be very bright, and it has the lowest brightness compared to other light sources in the home.
This set of “the golden rule of 5:3:1 lamp”, the so-called “5” refers to the concentrated light with the strongest brightness, such as a projection lamp. “3” refers to an auxiliary light source that gives a soft feeling. “1” is the light source that provides the most basic illumination of the entire room.
If people can scientifically master the basic knowledge of light and color, and then combine the size of space, the combination of furniture, the various functional requirements of the room, the matching of the light and shade of the light, etc., and carefully design the arrangement, it will definitely add infinite interest to the living room. And many unexpected artistic effects.
Misuse 1: Many people blindly use spotlights. The spotlights were originally used for accent lighting, emphasizing the role of the display, but now it is used in general lighting. Spotlights on the ceiling
The ceiling is too eye-catching, and the illumination effect on other objects is relatively weak.
Misuse 2: Many people use energy-saving lamps excessively in order to save electricity, ignoring the role of lighting in creating a family atmosphere. Energy-saving lamps are actually a kind of fluorescent lamps. Although they save electricity, they also have the disadvantage of fluorescent lamps, that is, the lights are too cool. Therefore, from the perspective of creating a warm atmosphere at home, it is obviously unreasonable to use energy-saving lamps too much.
Misuse 3: Many people prefer crystal lamps. They think it is a symbol of style, but they have not noticed the residences of European and American countries. The ceiling height is at least 3.5 meters, while the ceiling height of domestic houses is generally below 3 meters. . Therefore, if you do not consider the national conditions, blindly use the crystal lamp, then not only can not show the graceful style of the crystal lamp, but it will cause oppression.
The color of the commonly used lamps is cold and warm, and it can be used to adjust people’s feeling of indoor light color.
For example, in the middle of the room, a warm-colored incandescent lamp, plus a beautiful milky translucent glass cover, the light it emits is warm, clear, peaceful, quiet, giving a feeling of elegance and freshness; The cool-colored white light is reflected in the form of a dark light, which makes the low room or small room bright and open.
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