What is cricket field?
A cricket field is a large grassy ground on which the game of cricket is played. Although generally oval in shape, there is a wide variety within this: some are almost perfect circles, some elongated ovals and some entirely irregular shapes with little or no symmetry – but they will have entirely curved boundaries, almost without exception. A cricket field is like a baseball field in that both are grass fields with a clay section. In cricket this is called the cricket pitch (also known as the wicket).
Cricket Field Size
There are no fixed dimensions for the field but its diameter usually varies between 450 feet (137 m) and 500 feet (150 m). Cricket is unusual among major sports (along with Golf, Australian rules football and baseball) in that there is no official rule for a fixed-shape ground for professional games. On most grounds, a rope demarcates the perimeter of the field and is known as the boundary. Within the boundary and generally as close to the centre as possible will be the squarewhich is an area of carefully prepared grass upon which cricket pitches can be prepared and marked for matches.
Cricket Pitch Diagram
This diagram shows the layout of a cricket game when a right-handed batsman at the top of the central pitch is facing the bowler at the other end of the pitch. The bowler is supported by a wicketkeeper (behind the batsman) and by nine other fielders who occupy some (but only nine) of the fielding positions marked on the diagram.
There are two umpires: one at the bowler's end who is responsible for keeping count of the six balls in the over, and one at the square-leg position. At the end of the over the umpires swap position and another bowler begins from the top end, bowling to the batsman at the other end of the pitch.
The outside perimeter is called the boundary. If the batsman hits a ball along the ground to the boundary, he or she scores four runs; but if the batsman hits the ball over the boundary on the full it counts for six runs. The inner circle is used in one-day cricket to restrict the number of fielders allowed in the outfield.
|Level of competition||Preferred pitch type and dimensions*|
|In2CRICKET (ages 5-8)||25m||30m|
|Open age (community club)||50m||60m|
|Open age (premier/regional)||65m||75m|
|Domestic cricket and underage national events||82m||82m|
|Domestic womens and underage national girls events||58m||58m|
Cricket Fielding Rules
Welcome to the greatest game of all – Cricket. This site will help explain to an absolute beginner some of the basic rules of cricket.
Although there are many more rules in cricket than in many other sports, it is well worth your time learning them as it is a most rewarding sport.
Whether you are looking to play in the backyard with a mate or join a club Cricket-Rules will help you learn the basics and begin to enjoy one of the most popular sports in the world.
The aim of the batsmen is to score runs. One of the main cricket rules is that for batsmen to score runs they must run to each other’s end of the pitch (from one end to the other). In doing this one run is scored. Cricket rules state they may run multiple runs per shot. As well as running they can also score runs by hitting boundaries.
A boundary scores the batsmen either 4 or 6 runs. A four is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary after hitting the ground while a six is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary on the full (before it hits the ground). Cricket rules also state that once a 4 or 6 has been scored any runs physically ran by the batsman are null & void. They will only obtain the 4 or 6 runs.
Other ways runs can be scored according to the cricket rules include no balls, wide balls, byes & leg byes. Cricket rules state that all runs scored by these methods are awarded to the batting team but not the individual batters.
Some fielding positions are used offensively. That is, players are put there with the main aim being to catch out the batsman rather than to stop or slow down the scoring of runs. These positions include Slip (often there are multiple slips next to each other, designated First slip, Second slip, Third slip, etc., numbered outwards from the wicket-keeper – collectively known as the slips cordon) meant to catch balls that just edge off the bat; Gully; Fly slip; Leg slip; Leg gully; the short and silly positions. Short leg, also known as bat pad, is a position specifically intended to catch balls that unintentionally strike the bat and leg pad, and thus end up only a metre or two to the leg side.
- Long stop, who stands behind the wicket-keeper towards the boundary (usually when a wicket-keeper is believed to be inept; the position is almost never seen in professional cricket). This position is sometimes euphemistically referred to as very fine leg.
- Sweeper, an alternative name for deep cover, deep extra cover or deep midwicket (that is, near the boundary on the off side or the on side), usually defensive and intended to prevent a four being scored.
- Cow corner, an informal jocular term for the position on the boundary between deep midwicket and long on.
- on the 45. A position on the leg side 45° behind square, defending the single. An alternative description for backward short leg or short fine leg.
Also the bowler, after delivering the ball, must avoid running on the pitch so usually ends up fielding near silly mid on or silly mid off, but somewhat closer to the pitch.